Résumé : The in vivo response to prephase corticosteroid therapy for 1 week has been described as a major prognostic factor in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Patients with less than 1,000 blasts/microL at day 8 are considered responders and have a better prognosis. This prephase therapy is usually considered as an evaluation of glucocorticoid sensitivity. In fact, it also includes one intrathecal (IT) injection of methotrexate (MTX). In this study, we try to clarify the influence of this injection of IT MTX on the response to the prephase therapy.