Résumé : Synaptic vesicle 2 proteins (SV2), SV2A, SV2B and SV2C, are integral proteins localized on the surface of synaptic vesicles in all neurons. SV2 proteins appear to play an important, but not yet fully understood role in synaptic vesicle exocytosis and neurotransmitter release. Moreover, SV2 seems to be the receptor of the botulinum neurotoxin A. In the present study, using single and double-labeling fluorescent immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization we have identified the brain pattern of SV2C mRNA and protein expression in mice. Our results indicated that SV2C protein was expressed in a small subset of brain regions including the olfactory bulb, olfactory tubercle, nucleus accumbens, caudate-putamen, ventral pallidum, globus pallidus, substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area. These results were confirmed by means of in situ hybridization, except for the globus pallidus and the substantia nigra pars reticulata, in which no labeling was found, suggesting that SV2C-positive fibers in these areas are terminals of striatal projecting neurons. In the striatum, we found that, in addition to its presence in the projection neurons, SV2C was densely expressed in a fraction (around 45%) of cholinergic interneurons. In addition, our data also showed that SV2C was densely expressed in most dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the ventral tegmental area (more than 70% of the dopaminergic neurons analyzed were SV2C-positive). Altogether, our results suggest that SV2C may contribute to the regulation of neurotransmitter release and synaptic transmission in the basal ganglia including cholinergic striatal interneurons and nigro-striatal/mesolimbic dopamine neurons.