Résumé : Helodermin, a newly isolated peptide from the venom of Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum) was shown to stimulate the adenylate cyclase activity of rat pancreatic membranes as efficiently as secretin and VIP. It also increased cyclic AMP levels and inhibited [125I]VIP binding in rat pancreatic acini. Finally, helodermin activated adenylate cyclase in membranes from rat heart, rat brain, and human heart, showing properties analogous yet distinct from those of secretin, VIP and PHI.