Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In children, non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is rare and difficult to treat. Response to steroids and GABAergic medication is variable and often decreases with increasing duration of NCSE. We present our experience with oral ketamine, an NMDA-receptor antagonist, administered to five children with severe epilepsy (Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, myoclonic-astatic epilepsy, progressive myoclonic epilepsy and Pseudo-Lennox Syndrome) during an episode of NCSE. Resolution of NCSE was documented in all cases clinically and electroencephalographically within 24-48 hours of starting ketamine. No significant side effects were noted.