Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The structural organization of the bovine thyroglobulin gene has been investigated by a combination of Southern genomic blotting and direct analysis of cloned gene fragments isolated from a chromosomal DNA library. The entire locus is spread over more than 200,000 base pairs which makes it one of the largest eukaryotic genes studies to date. The coding information is scattered into at least 42 exons, 34 of which have been precisely identified. A different evolutionary origin of the 5' and 3' regions of the gene is supported by the highly different proportion of exonic material they contain (12% and 3%, respectively) and by the existence of sequence homology between the 3' region of thyroglobulin and acetylcholinesterase. Detailed sequence analysis of the 5' region of the gene and its flanking segment demonstrated that a significant homology exists between bovine and human thyroglobulin sequences, except for the presence within the ruminant promoter region of a 220-base-pair sequence belonging to the bovine monomer repeated family.