Résumé : Electrical stimulation eliciting self-stimulation behavior from postero-lateral hypothalamic implanted electrode was controlled by factors that control normal feeding. In this idea, lateral hypothalamic stimulation possessed an appetite whetting property and this is experienced as rewarding. The octapeptide cholecystokinin, a gut hormone, has been experimented upon to produce the complete behavioral sequence of satiety in rats. We observed that an i.p. injection of caerulein (an analog of cholecystokinin) did decrease, in a dose-related manner, the rate for brain self-stimulation. However, a similar effect on the rate of ICSS was measured after a bilateral cut of the vagus nerve at a subdiaphragmatic level. This result suggests that the decreasing effect on ICSS after an i.p. injection of caerulein is not strictly related to feeding. We interpret the decrease of reinforcement induced by caerulein as the action of a general satiety for any object presenting a rewarding value for behavior. © 1986.