Résumé : The termination of activation signals is a critical step in the control of the immune response; perturbation of inhibitory feedback pathways results in profound immune defects culminating in autoimmunity and overwhelming inflammation. FcgammaRIIB receptor is a well described inhibitory receptor. The ligation of B-cell receptor (BCR) and FcgammaRIIB leads to the inhibition of B-cell activation. Numerous studies have demonstrated that the SH2-domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase SHIP (referred hereto as SHIP-1) is essential in this process. The cDNA encoding a second SH2-domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase, SHIP-2, has been cloned [Pesesse, Deleu, De Smedt, Drayer and Erneux (1997) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 239, 697-700]. Here we report the distribution of SHIP-2 in mouse tissues: a Western blot analysis of mouse tissues reveals that SHIP-2 is expressed in both haemopoietic and non-haemopoietic cells. In addition to T-cell and B-cell lines, spleen, thymus and lung are shown to coexpress SHIP-1 and SHIP-2. Moreover, SHIP-2 is detected in fibroblasts, heart and different brain areas. SHIP-2 shows a maximal tyrosine phosphorylation and association to Shc after ligation of BCR to FcgammaRIIB but not after stimulation of BCR alone. Our results therefore suggest a possible role for SHIP-2 in the negative regulation of immunocompetent cells.