par Dan, Bernard ;Bouillot, Ethel ;Bengoetxea, Ana ;Noël, Ph.;Kahn, André ;Chéron, Guy
Référence European journal of paediatric neurology, 3, 4, page (159-165)
Publication Publié, 1999
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Motor strategies, defined by kinetic, kinematic and/or muscle activation patterns, reflect neural planning of movement, which takes into account central as well as peripheral constraints. Major alteration is expected in cerebral palsy, a condition characterized by abnormal posture and movement secondary to early lesion of the brain. The objective of this study was to characterize the motor strategies involved in disruption of posture in cerebral palsy of the spastic diplegia type and compare them with normal controls. The optoelectronic ELITE system was used to record and analyse the movement of squatting from the standing position with the arms extended forward in 11 children with spastic diplegia aged between 3 and 12 years and 11 age-matched normal controls. Normal children maintained gaze and arm horizontality and trunk verticality throughout the movement. The knee followed an oblique trajectory. Its angular velocity profile showed a short, single-peaked, ascending phase. The onset of movement was preceded by deactivation of the semimembranous muscle. In diplegic children, gaze and arm horizontality and trunk verticality were lost. The ankle was rigidified, resulting in spatial fixation of the knee. The ascending phase of the knee velocity profile was prolonged and multi-peaked. There was widespread muscle co-contraction from the outset of movement. No anticipatory deactivation was evidenced, but anticipatory bursts appeared in the soleus. Patients with cerebral palsy have to organize a limited motor repertoire from a restricted neural potential. Consequent motor strategies presently demonstrated in spastic diplegia are distinct and appear as an original alternative to those of normal subjects.