par Corvilain, Bernard ;Collyn, L;Van Sande, Jacqueline ;Dumont, Jacques Emile
Référence American journal of physiology: endocrinology and metabolism, 278, 4, page (E692-E699)
Publication Publié, 2000-04
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The regulation of thyroid metabolism by iodide involves numerous inhibitory effects. However, in unstimulated dog thyroid slices, a small inconstant stimulatory effect of iodide on H(2)O(2) generation is observed. The only other stimulatory effect reported with iodide is on [1-(14)C]glucose oxidation, i.e., on the pentose phosphate pathway. Because we have recently demonstrated that the pentose phosphate pathway is controlled by H(2)O(2) generation, we study here the effect of iodide on basal H(2)O(2) generation in thyroid slices from several species. Our data show that in sheep, pig, bovine, and to a lesser extent dog thyroid, iodide had a stimulatory effect on H(2)O(2) generation. In horse and human thyroid, an inconstant effect was observed. We demonstrate in dogs that the stimulatory effect of iodide is greater in thyroids deprived of iodide, raising the possibility that differences in thyroid iodide pool may account, at least in part, for the differences between the different species studied. This represents the first demonstration of an activation by iodide of a specialized thyroid function. In comparison with conditions in which an inhibitory effect of iodide on H(2)O(2) generation is observed, the stimulating effect was observed for lower concentrations and for a shorter incubation time with iodide. Such a dual control of H(2)O(2) generation by iodide has the physiological interest of promoting an efficient oxidation of iodide when the substrate is provided to a deficient gland and of avoiding excessive oxidation of iodide and thus synthesis of thyroid hormones when it is in excess. The activation of H(2)O(2) generation may also explain the well described toxic effect of acute administration of iodide on iodine-depleted thyroids.