Résumé : In bovine aortic endothelial cells, phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate induced a smaller stimulation of prostacyclin release than ionophore A23187: the combination of both agents was highly synergistic. The responses of the bovine aortic smooth muscle were very different in the 2 preparations studied. In media explants cultured for short periods, neither phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate, nor A23187, alone or in combination, were able to increase prostacyclin release, whereas serotonin was an effective stimulus. In cultured smooth muscle cells, outgrown from the explants, phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate increased prostacyclin release to the same levels as A23187 or serotonin. It is concluded that increased cytosolic Ca++ level and protein kinase C activity induce a synergistic stimulation of endothelial prostacyclin. On the other hand, the phenotypic modulation of the arterial smooth muscle, from a contractile to a synthetic state, seems to be associated with a profound change in the control of prostacyclin.