Résumé : Acetobacter pasteurianus 386B has been selected as a candidate functional starter culture to better control the cocoa fermentation process. Previously, its genome has been sequenced and a genome-scale metabolic model (GEM) has been reconstructed. To understand its metabolic adaptation to cocoa fermentation conditions, different flux balance analysis (FBA) simulations were performed and compared with experimental data. In particular, metabolic flux distributions were simulated for two phases that characterize the growth of A. pasteurianus 386B under cocoa fermentation conditions, predicting a switch in respiratory chain usage in between these phases. The possible influence on the resulting energy production was shown using a reduced version of the GEM. FBA simulations revealed the importance of the compartmentalization of the ethanol oxidation reactions, namely in the periplasm or in the cytoplasm, and highlighted the potential role of ethanol as a source of carbon, energy, and NADPH. Regarding the latter, the physiological function of a proton-translocating NAD(P)+ transhydrogenase was further investigated in silico. This study revealed the potential of using a GEM to simulate the metabolism of A. pasteurianus 386B, and may provide a general framework toward a better physiological understanding of functional starter cultures in food fermentation processes.