par Merckx, Keno
Président du jury Fiorini, Samuel
Promoteur Cardinal, Jean
Co-Promoteur Doignon, Jean-Paul
Publication Non publié, 2019-06-25
Thèse de doctorat
Résumé : Convex geometries are combinatorial structures; they capture in an abstract way the essential features of convexity in Euclidean space, graphs or posets for instance. A convex geometry consists of a finite ground set plus a collection of subsets, called the convex sets and satisfying certain axioms. In this work, we study two natural problems on convex geometries. First, we consider the maximum-weight convex set problem. After proving a hardness result for the problem, we study a special family of convex geometries built on split graphs. We show that the convex sets of such a convex geometry relate to poset convex geometries constructed from the split graph. We discuss a few consequences, obtaining a simple polynomial-time algorithm to solve the problem on split graphs. Next, we generalize those results and design the first polynomial-time algorithm for the maximum-weight convex set problem in chordal graphs. Second, we consider the realizability problem. We show that deciding if a given convex geometry (encoded by its copoints) results from a point set in the plane is ER-hard. We complete our text with a brief discussion of potential further work.