par Verbanck, Sylvia;Paiva, Manuel
Référence Respiratory physiology & neurobiology, 258, page (5-11)
Publication Publié, 2018-12
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Experimental studies of acinar ventilation heterogeneity (Sacin) derived from the multiple breath washout have shown the potential of Sacin to pick up structural change in lung disease. Recent Sacin data suggest that even when intra-acinar structure is unaltered, the combination of convection, diffusion and number of acini fed by patent terminal bronchioles can modify Sacin. We show here how Sacin is affected by structural features such as the secondary alveolar septa, intra-acinar ramification and number of ventilated acini. The simulations also predict relationships between respective alterations in Sacin and washout indices such as lung clearance index (LCI) and alveolar mixing efficiency (AME). This was verified experimentally, with highly significant correlations between Sacin and LCI (r = +0.85;p < 0.001) and between Sacin and AME (r = − 0.92; p < 0.001). We have shown how acinar ventilation heterogeneity can be affected by a reduction of number of ventilated acini, a change in overall alveolization or in intra-acinar alveolization pattern, via their impact on the balance between convection and diffusion at acinar level.