Résumé : Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a paramyxovirus that causes acute respiratory-tract infections in children and adults worldwide. A safe and effective vaccine could decrease the burden of disease associated with this novel pathogen. We engineered HMPV viral-like particles (HMPV-VLPs) derived from retroviral core particles that mimic the properties of the viral surface of two HMPV viruses of either lineage A or B. These VLPs functionally display F and G HMPV surface glycoproteins. When injected in mice, HMPV-VLPs induce strong humoral immune response against both homologous and heterologous strains. Moreover, the induced neutralizing antibodies prevented mortality upon subsequent infection of the lungs with both homologous and heterologous viruses. Upon challenge, viral titers in the lungs of immunized animals were significantly reduced as compared to those of control animals. In conclusion, a HMPV-VLP vaccine that induces cross-protective immunity in mice is a promising approach to prevent HMPV infections.