Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) span the 2 membranes of the nuclear envelope (NE) and facilitate nucleocytoplasmic exchange of macromolecules. NPCs have a roughly tripartite structural organization with the so-called nuclear basket emanating from the NPC scaffold into the nucleoplasm. The nuclear basket is composed of the 3 nucleoporins Nup153, Nup50, and Tpr, but their specific role for the structural organization of this NPC substructure is, however, not well established. In this study, we have used thin-section transmission electron microscopy to determine the structural consequences of altering the expression of Nup153 in human cells. We show that the assembly and integrity of the nuclear basket is not affected by Nup153 depletion, whereas its integrity is perturbed in cells expressing high concentrations of the zinc-finger domain of Nup153. Moreover, even mild over-expression of Nup153 is coinciding with massive changes in nuclear organization and it is the excess of the zinc-finger domain of Nup153 that is sufficient to induce these rearrangements. Our data indicate a central function of Nup153 in the organization of the nucleus, not only at the periphery, but throughout the entire nuclear interior.