Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Background The treatment of complicated urinary tract infection in children is still a matter of debate. In our hospital, antimicrobial treatment is initiated intravenously, and the duration of this treatment is adapted according to the results of a Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy. Aim This study was conducted to evaluate retrospectively the frequency and the importance of late renal sequelae when treating intravenously for 7 days those patients with an abnormal acute DMSA. Methods A review was conducted of the medical charts of all patients consecutively admitted between 2005 and 2008 with positive urine culture and clinical and biological evidence of complicated urinary tract infection (UTI). Results There were 144 patients (59 %) with abnormal early DMSA scintigraphy and 98 (41 %) with normal scintigraphy. The median duration of intravenous treatment was 7.0 days in the children with DMSA lesions and 5.0 days in those without lesions. Obvious renal sequelae were observed on late DMSA scintigraphy in 4 (6 %) out of the 65 patients with an abnormal early DMSA who came back for control scintigraphy. Conclusion Sequelae of acute DMSA lesions observed during complicated UTI treated 7 days intravenously were infrequent. Whether the mode and duration of antimicrobial treatment might explain the low rate of sequelae remains to be demonstrated.