Résumé : The department of pediatric uro-nephrology was created in 1977 in Brugmann hospital. Since then, various sectors have been developed including: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, kidney transplantation, urological and genital surgery, antenatal screening and rapid management of uronephropathies, treatment of voiding dysfunction and neurogenic bladder, management of tubular and glomerular diseases. The progress in genetics, medical imaging, obstetrics, neonatology and surgery has allowed us to take care of our young patients within a multidisciplinary framework. The most original contributions of the department are related to the performance of combined liver-kidney transplantation in primary hyperoxaluria, to the determination of the natural history of several congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, to the assessment of the role of genetical mutations on tubular and glomerular diseases, to the usefulness of radioisotopic tracers in the measurement of renal function in infants, and to the study of experimental tolerization of