Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Objective: To determine the hemodynamic impact of fluid restriction in preterm newborns with significant patent ductus arteriosus. Study design: Newborns ≥24 and <32 weeks' gestational age with significant patent ductus arteriosus were eligible for this prospective multicenter observational study. We recorded hemodynamic and Doppler echocardiographic variables before and 24 hours after fluid restriction. Results: Eighteen newborns were included (gestational age 24.8 ± 1.1 weeks, birth weight 850 ± 180 g). Fluid intake was decreased from 145 ± 15 to 108 ± 10 mL/kg/d. Respiratory variables, fraction of inspired oxygen, blood gas values, ductus arteriosus diameter, blood flow-velocities in ductus arteriosus, in the left pulmonary artery and in the ascending aorta, and the left atrial/aortic root ratio were unchanged after fluid restriction. Although systemic blood pressure did not change, blood flow in the superior vena cava decreased from 105 ± 40 to 61 ± 25 mL/kg/min (P < .001). The mean blood flow-velocity in the superior mesenteric artery was lower 24 hours after starting fluid restriction. Conclusions: Our results do not support the hypothesis that fluid restriction has beneficial effects on pulmonary or systemic hemodynamics in preterm newborns. © 2012 Mosby, Inc.