Résumé : Humoral vasoactive substances coming from portal blood have been considered as a possible cause of renal dysfunction in cirrhotic patients. We have thus investigated the effect of perfusion of portal blood from anesthetized dogs on the isolated kidney functions. Both kidneys of a dog were simultaneously perfused on 2 Nizet's pump oxygenators, one kidney serving as control for the other. Renal blood flow was decreased in kidneys perfused with portal blood, as compared to the paired control kidneys perfused with sus-hepatic blood (group A experiments). Addition of polymyxin B to the portal blood restored the renal blood flow to the control level (group B experiments). No significant changes appeared between experimental and control kidneys for glomerular filtration rate, urine output, sodium and water excretion, renin activity, angiotensin II levels, plasmatic PGE2 levels, in group A as well as in group B. We conclude that portal blood of dogs contains vasoactive substances reducing renal blood flow; their action is mediated neither by the renin-angiotensin system nor by changes in renal PGE2 production. The complete abolition of this effect by Polymyxin suggests that these substances may be endotoxins.