Résumé : Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) recently emerged as an efficient and safe local ablative method to treat unresecable liver tumours. Currently however, the full spectrum of potential complications of RFA remains undetermined. We report a case of severe biliary complication, associating main bile duct stricture and biliary pleural fistula, arising after extensive RFA for unresectable liver metastasis of central location. Treatment consisted of external drainage of the pleural effusion and internal endoscopic drainage via a biliary stenting. This description of a life-threatening complication emphazises the need to better knowledge of the contraindications of RFA, particularly for the treatment of large tumours at proximity of main bile ducts.