par Périlleux, Anaïs;Hudon, Marek ;Bloy, Eddy
Référence Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly, 41, page (386-404)
Publication Publié, 2012-04-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : How do microfinance institutions (MFIs) allocate their surplus to stakeholders? This article shows that this allocation process varies depending on the MFI ownership structure. Nonprofit organizations and shareholders-held MFIs exhibit a tendency to largely keep their surplus within the MFI as a self-financing margin (reserve accounts, future investments, and capital increase) rather than transferring it to their clients (interest rate decrease) and their employees (salary increase). The surplus distribution in COOPs is more in favor of providers and employees. Finally, the article discusses the importance of these findings for the evaluation of MFIs by policy makers.