par Pierard, Laurent ;Bollen, Alex
Référence Journal of biotechnology, 15, 4, page (283-304)
Publication Publié, 1990-09
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The increasing incidence of thromboembolic diseases has sustained the search for new agents able to stimulate the natural fibrinolytic system. The first generation of antithrombotic agents include bacterial streptokinase and human urine urokinase. Because these molecules lack specificity for the fibrin clot, important efforts have been made to produce, using recombinant DNA technology, agents presenting higher fibrin clot selectivity such as t-PA (tissue-type plasminogen activator) and scu-PA (single chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator). In parallel, several laboratories are presently attempting to create mutants and hybrids plasminogen activators displaying improved thrombolytic properties with respect to the natural molecules. In this paper, we describe briefly the mechanisms of fibrinolysis and the role of the different natural thrombolytic agents. In addition, we review the possibilities of genetic engineering for the production of natural and novel plasminogen activators.