par Bogaerts, Philippe ;Vande Wouwer, A.
Référence Chemical engineering science, 59, 12, page (2465-2476)
Publication Publié, 2004-06
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Together with some on-line measurements, a reliable process model is the key ingredient of a successful state observer design. In common practice, the model parameters are inferred from experimental data so as to minimize a model prediction error, e.g. so as to minimize an output least-squares criterion. In this procedure, no care is actually exercised to ensure that the unmeasured model states are sensitive to the measured states. In turn, if sensitivity is too low, the resulting state observer will probably generate poor estimates of the unmeasured states. To alleviate these problems, a new parameter identification procedure is proposed in this study, which is based on a cost function combining a conventional prediction error criterion with a state estimation sensitivity measure. Minimization of this combined cost function produces a model dedicated to state estimation purposes. A thorough analysis of the procedure is presented in the context of bioreactor modeling, including parameter identification, model validation and design of extended Kalman filters and full horizon observers. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.