Résumé : Alteration of intracavernous smooth muscle cells has been demonstrated in patients with pure venous leakage. This modification seems correlated with reduction of intracavernous oxygen tension. However, Doppler imaging of the cavernous arteries in these patients is normal. To understand the ischemic factor we studied the endothelium of the terminal arteries with computerized image analysis and immunohistochemical staining with 2 types of lectin in patients with venous leakage and those with normal erections. Lectins are glycoproteins that can be used as histological markers to monitor functional and pathological changes.