Résumé : We report the case of a six-month old child with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma of unknown origin containing erythroblasts, metamyelocytes and blast-like cells. No such cells were found in venous blood. No primary neoplastic disorder was found. Throughout a 19-month follow-up period, general and neurodevelopmental examination remained normal with complete resolution of the subdural haematoma in the presence of macrocephaly. We discuss the origin and role of these cells.