par Bazan, Ariane
Référence Psychologie clinique, 18, page (51-97)
Publication Publié, 2005
Article révisé par les pairs
  • La forme du langage en clinique: Une perspective neuropsychanalytique
Autre titre:
  • The form of language in clinical consulting: A neuropsychoanalytic perspective
Auteur:Bazan, Ariane
Informations sur la publication:Psychologie clinique, 18, page (51-97)
Statut de publication:Publié, 2005
Sujet CREF:Psychologie
Psychologie différentielle
Neurosciences cognitives
Psychologie clinique
Psychologie clinique
Mots-clés:Inconscient ; langage ; lexique ; phonème ; signifiant.
unconscious; language; lexicon; phoneme; signifier
Note générale:In this paper the Lacanian concept of the signifier is contrasted with the recent data of the neurosciences and of experimental psychology. Two angles of approach are proposed : 1°) the signifier as a phonemic and articulated structure is in resonance with the recent motor theories of perception implicating the mirror neuron dynamics ; 2°) the signifier as an empty positional structure fits with the hypothesis of a true lexical level of which the words are the functional units and which is materially distinct in its geography and in its organization from a (semantic) level that is more directly concerned with concepts. The incarnation of both these dimensions in a same structure implies the idea of a multiple determination of language by both a phonological and a lexical organizational principle or by both primary and secondary processes. It is proposed that this thickness in sense is disambiguated at a conscious level thanks to the inhibitory intervention of the prefrontal cortex, the dynamics of which is in striking resonance with the structure of the Ego such as proposed by Freud. The concept of the signifier therefore makes it possible to conceive how the Unconscious and the Conscious could, in order to be heard, grasp simultaneously for the same forms.