Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Male Wistar rats were submitted to a portacaval anastomosis (PCA). Control rats were sham operated and pair fed. After 20 days, PCA led to a decrease in liver weight (-40%) and fasting blood glucose (-35%) and to an increase in fasting glucagonemia (+65%). The in vitro response of adenylate cyclase in hepatic membranes to GTP, Gpp(NH)p, fluoride, and forskolin (in the absence of GTP), and to glucagon (in the presence of GTP) was greater in PCA rats than in controls (by 30-54%) whereas the response to L-isoproterenol (in the presence of GTP) was only slightly increased (by 8%) and that to vasoactive intestinal peptide (in the presence of GTP) was similar in both groups of rats. The binding of [125I]glucagon and [125I]VIP to liver membranes did not differ in both groups of animals. It is concluded that the hepatic adenylate cyclase system from PCA rats responded better to stimuli involving efficiently the guanyl nucleotide stimulatory site Ns. This implies that the fasting hypoglycemia observed in these animals, in spite of the hyperglucagonemia, was due to either the refractoriness of a step distal to adenylate cyclase activation or to limited glucose production by an atrophic liver.