Résumé : AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To characterise the effects of BPDZ 73 (7-chloro-3-isopropylamino-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide), a newly synthesised diazoxide analogue, on insulin secretory cells. METHODS: Measurements of 86Rb, 45Ca outflow, membrane potential, [Ca2+]i, insulin release in secretory cells as well as measurements of smooth muscle contractile activity and glycaemia were carried out. RESULTS: The analogue BPDZ 73 induced a dose-dependent decrease in insulin output. The IC50 value averaged 0.73 +/- 0.05 mumol/l. The drug increased the rate of 86Rb (42K substitute) outflow from perifused rat pancreatic islets. This effect was inhibited by glibenclamide, a KATP channel blocker. Measurements of DiBAC4(3) fluorescence further indicated that BPDZ 73 hyperpolarised the insulin secreting cells. It also decreased 45Ca outflow from pancreatic islets perifused throughout in the presence of 16.7 mmol/l glucose and extracellular Ca2+. By contrast, the drug did not affect the increase in 45Ca outflow mediated by K+ depolarisation. In single beta cells, BPDZ 73 inhibited the glucose-induced but not the K(+)-induced rise in [Ca2+]i. Moreover, in Wistar rats, i.p. injection of BPDZ 73 provoked a considerable increase in blood glucose concentration whereas diazoxide induced a modest rise in glycaemia. Lastly, the vasorelaxant properties of BPDZ 73 were slightly less pronounced than those of diazoxide. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: The inhibitory effect of BPDZ 73 on the insulin-releasing process results from the activation of KATP channels with subsequent decrease in Ca2+ inflow and [Ca2+]i. The drug seems to be a KATP channel opener, more potent and more selective than diazoxide for insulin secreting cells.