par Kolinsky, Régine ;Morais, Jose ;Verhaeghe, Arlette
Référence Perception, 23, 4, page (471-486)
Publication Publié, 1994
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : It has been suggested in previous studies that unschooled adults present serious difficulties at performing tasks which, like part verification, dimensional filtering, or orientation judgments, require them to pay attention to a specific aspect of the stimulus structure. In the present study we examined the performance of unschooled adults by using a task which does not explicitly require the subjects to attend selectively to a specific component of the stimuli. Separability either of parts or of dimensions as well as line-orientation registration were estimated by the occurrence of illusory conjunctions. Whatever the properties involved in the illusions, these occurred in unschooled adults, at about the same rate as in age-matched schooled controls. The two sets of contrasting findings suggest that a critical variable is whether or not the subjects' attentional control is required. The relevance of the present findings as regards the level of processing responsible for illusory conjunctions is discussed.