Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Sensitization to Schistosoma mansoni antigen in uninfected children born to infected or uninfected mothers was studied by intradermal reaction. Immediate skin reaction, Arthus phenomenon, and delayed skin responses were noted. The skin response at 24 hr was positive in 48.1% of the uninfected children born to infected mothers, and in only 7.5% of uninfected (control) children born to uninfected mothers. Areas of skin reactions were also larger in the group born to infected mothers. Both of these differences were statistically significant. There were no significant variations according to age or sex. Only one immediate skin reaction was noted in each group, and Arthus phenomenon was never observed.