par Malonne, Hugues ;Langer, Ingrid ;Kiss, Robert ;Atassi, Ghanem
Référence Clinical & experimental metastasis, 17, 1, page (1-14)
Publication Publié, 1999-02
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Angiogenesis is the development of new blood vessels from the existing vascular bed. In normal conditions this tightly regulated process occurs only during embryonic development, the female reproductive cycle and wound repair. In contrast, in pathological conditions such as malignant growth, atherosclerosis and diabetic retinopathy, angiogenesis becomes persistent due to an imbalance in the interplay between the positive and negative regulatory signals controlling the process. Thus, the control of tumor neovascularization may lead to new therapeutic approaches. Indeed, several anti-angiogenic drugs are currently undergoing preclinical characterization and/or clinical investigation. Recent achievement has clarified the mechanisms of action leading to pathological angiogenesis and has highlighted the role of hypoxia, growth factors, growth factor-receptors, enzymes and cell adhesion molecules involved in the process. This knowledge has permitted the design of receptor antagonists, adhesion molecule blockers and new targeted vascular approaches including gene therapy.