par Pandolfo, Massimo
Référence Neuromuscular disorders, 8, 6, page (409-415)
Publication Publié, 1998-08
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Friedreich ataxia, the most frequent cause of inherited ataxia, is due in most cases to a large expansion of an intronic GAA repeat, resulting in decreased expression of the target frataxin gene. The autosomal recessive inheritance of the disease gives this triplet repeat mutation some unique features of natural history and evolution. Frataxin is a mitochondrial protein that has homologues in yeast and even in gram negative bacteria. Yeast deficient in the frataxin homologue accumulate iron in mitochondria and show increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. This suggests that Friedreich ataxia is caused by mitochondrial dysfunction and free radical toxicity.