par Vlerick, Ariane ;Rolland, Norbert;Joyard, Jacques;Ruysschaert, Jean Marie ;Homblé, Fabrice
Référence Journal of bioenergetics and biomembranes, 35, 3, page (221-229)
Publication Publié, 2003-06
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Several anions such as Cl-, NO2(-), SO4(2-), and PO4(3-) are known to modulate the photosynthetic activity. Moreover, the chloroplast metabolism requires the exchange of both inorganic and organic (e.g., triose phosphate, dicarboxylic acid, ATP) anions between the cytoplasm and the stroma. A chloride channel form the chloroplast envelope was reconstituted in planar lipid bilayers. We show that the channel is active in conditions prevailing in the plant. The open probability increases with the ionic strength of the experimental solutions and is maximal at 0 mV. This suggests that the channel could play a role in the osmotic regulation of the chloroplast. Amino group reagents affect the channel activity in a way that demonstrated that lysine residues are important for channel gating but not for ATP binding. Together, our results provide new information on the functioning of this channel in the chloroplast envelope membranes. They indicate that the open probability of the channel is low (Po < or = 0.2) in vivo and that this channel can account for the chloride flux through the chloroplast envelope.