par Van Reeth, Olivier ;Turek, F.W.
Référence The American journal of physiology, 256, 3 Pt 2, page (R639-R645)
Publication Publié, 1989-03
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : A single injection of the short-acting benzodiazepine, triazolam, can induce permanent phase shifts in the circadian rhythm of locomotor activity in free-running hamsters, with the direction and magnitude of the phase shifts being dependent on the circadian time of treatment. The shape of the "phase-response curve" to triazolam injections is totally different from that for light pulses. These findings raise the possibility that repeated injections of triazolam on a circadian basis might be capable of entraining the circadian pacemaker underlying the activity rhythm of hamsters and that the entrainment pattern might differ from that observed in animals entrained to light pulses. To test this hypothesis, blind hamsters received intraperitoneal injections of triazolam (or vehicle) every 23.34, 23.72, 24.00 or 24.66 h for 19-20 days, and the effect of these injections on the period of the rhythm of wheel-running behavior was determined during and after treatment. Repeated injections of 0.1 mg triazolam at these time intervals resulted in the entrainment of the activity rhythm in 36 of 40 animals, whereas 0 of 40 animals entrained to vehicle injections. Importantly, the phase relationship between triazolam injections and the circadian activity rhythm was dependent on the period of drug treatment and could be predicted from the phase-response curve to single injections of triazolam. These phase relationships are dramatically different from those observed between the activity rhythm and 1-h light pulses presented at similar circadian intervals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)