Résumé : Trypanosoma cruzi infection in BALB/c mice induced a reversible polyisotypic hypergammaglobulinaemia, with particularly high levels of IgG2a, IgM and IgE. Hypergammaglobulinaemia started during the acute phase of infection and persisted during chronic disease until 11-13 weeks post-infection (w.p.i.), when immunoglobulin levels, with the exception of IgE, returned near normal values. Parasite-specific antibodies counted for 14 to 23% of gammaglobulinaemia, in acute and chronic infection respectively. The titres of IgM antibodies rose from two w.p.i. IgA, IgE and IgG subclass antibodies built up gradually over the time of parasite clearance (i.e., between three and six w.p.i.). All antibody isotypes, including IgM reached significant and stable titres throughout chronic infection. IgG2a, IgG1 and IgM antibodies had constantly higher titres than the other antibody isotypes. The dominance of IgG2a antibodies was due to their high plasma concentrations, around 70% of all antibodies available in the chronic infection. IgG1 had the highest functional avidity, whereas its concentration corresponded to only 10% of the whole antibody fraction. These results indicate that T. cruzi infection in mice induces a polyisotypic humoral immune response, dominated by some antibody isotypes, with major differences in concentrations and functional avidities. This could be of crucial importance in determining the outcome of infection.