Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Congenital bilateral perisylvian syndrome was diagnosed in a two-year- old boy with signs of pseudobulbar and diplegic cerebral palsy presenting on MRI a polymicrogyric appearance of the perisylvian regions. He was born from a monochorionic bi-amniotic twin pregnancy complicated by twin-twin transfusion syndrome and death of the co-twin between the 16th and 18th weeks of gestation. Ventricular enlargement and hepatic hyperechogenic lesions were seen during his sonographic intra-uterine follow-up. The authors suggest that ischaemic injury occurred in this patient as a consequence of acute haemodynamic changes induced by the death of his co-twin.