Résumé : The proliferation of dog thyrocytes in primary culture is stimulated by three distinct intracellular signaling pathways: (1) the thyrotropin or forskolin-cyclic AMP-mediated cascade which is compatible with the differentiated state of the cell; (2) the protein kinase C pathway activated by diacylglycerol and phorbol esters; and (3) a protein tyrosine kinase system activated by epidermal growth factor. The two latter pathways also induce dedifferentiation. The activation of the three cascades induced the expression of the protooncogenes c-fos and c-myc with dose-response curves similar to those for DNA synthesis. After TPA and EGF, the time courses of stimulation of c-fos and c-myc were the same as those for mitogenically stimulated fibroblasts. However, after the cyclic AMP stimulation, c-myc expression was biphasic with an enhancement at 1 h followed by a down-regulation. A similar inhibition by cyclic AMP was also observed on the increased c-myc expression induced by EGF. This down-regulation is suppressed by cycloheximide, which suggests the involvement of a neosynthesized or a labile protein intermediate. The action of cyclic AMP on c-myc mRNA levels could be related to the opposite requirements of the stimulation of both proliferation and differentiation expression by the cyclic AMP pathway in the differentiated thyrocytes.