par Maenhaut, Carine ;Brabant, G;Vassart, Gilbert ;Dumont, Jacques
Référence The Journal of biological chemistry, 267, 5, page (3000-3007)
Publication Publié, 1992-02
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Regulation of thyrotropin (TSH) receptor (TSHr) mRNA accumulation as compared with two other thyroid differentiation markers (thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase (TPO] has been investigated by Northern blot. In dogs in vivo, chronic stimulation of the thyroid TSHr mRNA although it increased the levels of thyroglobulin and TPO mRNA. In dogs treated with thyroxin, the quiescent thyroids expressed normal levels of TSHr and TPO mRNA but depressed levels of thyroglobulin mRNA. In primary cultures of dog thyrocytes, dedifferentiation of the cells by treatment with epidermal growth factor or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate led to decreased TSHr mRNA levels and nearly abolished thyroglobulin and TPO gene expression. However, TSHr mRNA was always present, compatible with the fact that these cells, when treated by TSH, reexpress differentiation. Treatment of the cells with TSH or forskolin transiently increased the TSHr mRNA level after 20 h, an effect inhibited by cycloheximide. This up-regulation was confirmed at the protein level: forskolin-treated cells showed an enhanced cAMP response to TSH and an increased binding of labeled TSH to their membranes. Long term TSH treatment led to a slight down-regulation of TSHr mRNA in dog thyrocytes, but in human thyroid cells no marked down-regulation was observed.