Résumé : A human monoclonal antibody (MoAb) reacting with cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been produced using somatic cell hybridization between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infected B lymphocytes and a human-mouse heteromyeloma cell line (SHM-D33). The hybrids were selected in HAT medium containing 5 x 10(-7) ouabain. The median level of Ig production was 5 (0.1-20) micrograms/10(6) cells/day. One selected hybridoma (IB-8E9H5) has been maintained in continuous culture for more than 30 months with a stable IgG2, lambda production. Molecular hybridization using EBV-specific probes demonstrate that our hybrids have lost the IR-1 EBV sequence during fusion. Unexpectedly, these blotting experiments revealed the presence of multiple EBNA-1 sequences dispersed among the genomic DNA of the SHM-D33 cell line. Screening for anti-CMV specificity was performed by ELISA and confirmed by immunofluorescence staining. Thus far, three CMV reference strains and 14 local strains are stained by the MoAb as early as 3 h after CMV infection of human fibroblasts, apparently through the recognition of a nuclear viral antigen of 67 kDa. In conclusion, this technique permits (a) the removal of the EBV genome contained in the lymphoblastoid parental cell line and (b) the production of human anti-CMV MoAb with potential applications in the prevention of life threatening CMV infections.