Résumé : Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy can induce fetal pathology and abortion in both humans and animals. The present study describes the development of an experimental model of congenital toxoplasmosis in the guinea pig. In this animal model, we evaluated the protective effect of vaccination with a recombinant form of SAG1 against maternofetal transmission of tachyzoites. The presence of parasites in fetuses was determined by nested PCRs and by an in vivo readout after fetal brain homogenate injections in mice. The absence of parasites was demonstrated in 66 to 86% of fetuses derived from adult guinea pigs immunized with SAG1 and challenged with the mildly virulent T. gondii strain C56. In contrast, more than 80% of fetuses from mock-immunized guinea pigs were infected. The protection was not correlated with titers of antibody to SAG1. Our results indicated that this experimental model constitutes a relevant model for evaluation of vaccine candidates against congenital toxoplasmosis and that SAG1 elicits significant protection against maternofetal transmission.