Résumé : The objectives of this phase I study were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), recommended phase II dose (RD), antitumor activity, safety, and pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed-paclitaxel combination. Patients (N = 95) with advanced solid tumors were assigned to three schedules (21-day cycles [q21d]). Starting doses for each schedule of pemetrexed and paclitaxel, respectively, were: (S1) 400 and 135 mg/m(2) on d1; (S2) 400 mg/m(2) d1 and 40 mg/m(2) d1 and d8; S3) 400 mg/m(2) d8 and 30 mg/m(2) d1 and d8. MTD was 500/135 mg/m(2) (S1), 400/40 mg/m(2) (S2), and 500/120 mg/m(2) (S3). Most common dose limiting toxicities were febrile neutropenia, fatigue, and neuromotor toxicities. Most common toxicity was grade 3/4 lymphopenia. Four patients had partial response, 43 patients had stable disease. The RD determined was pemetrexed 500 mg/m(2) (d8) and paclitaxel 90 mg/m(2) (d1 and d8), q21d. The combination was well tolerated and showed efficacy in thyroid carcinoma and mesothelioma.