Résumé : Electrical potential oscillations in the range of 35-45 Hz (gamma waves) have recently been shown to occur rather ubiquitously in the brain of awake humans. During selective somatic attention, we demonstrate a transient phase-locking of the gamma waves generated in the contralateral prefrontal and parietal cortical areas that we had previously shown to be involved in such selective attention tasks. In line with other microphysiological evidence obtained on mammalian visual cortex, this selective functional synchronization between critical human brain areas (as far as about 9 cm apart) is proposed to reflect the transient 'binding' of discrete cognitive features that are processed in distributed neuronal assemblies of the brain whereby the conscious perception of an object or event can be achieved. On this basis we emphasize that the conscious function of the brain is neither epiphenomenal nor delayed, but operates transiently to integrate relevant perceptual features at the time of target object identification and of conscious behavioural decision.