Résumé : In a previous study we overexpressed the thapsigargin (tg)-insensitive Pmr1 Ca(2+) pump of the Golgi apparatus of Caenorhabditis elegans in COS-1 cells and studied the properties of the Ca(2+) store into which it was integrated. Here we assessed the properties of an endogenous tg-insensitive nonmitochondrial Ca(2+) store in A7r5 and 16HBE14o- cells, which express a mammalian homologue of Pmr1. The tg-insensitive Ca(2+) store was considerably less leaky for Ca(2+) than the sarco(endo)plasmic-reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA)-containing Ca(2+) store. Moreover like for the worm Pmr1 Ca(2+) pump expressed in COS-1 cells, Ca(2+) accumulation into the endogenous tg-insensitive store showed a 2 orders of magnitude lower sensitivity to cyclopiazonic acid than the SERCA-mediated transport. 2,5-Di-(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone was only a very weak inhibitor of the tg-insensitive Ca(2+) uptake in A7r5 and 16HBE14o- cells and in COS-1 cells overexpressing the worm Pmr1. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate released 11% of the Ca(2+) accumulated in permeabilized A7r5 cells pretreated with tg with an EC(50) that was 5 times higher than for the SERCA-containing Ca(2+) store but failed to release Ca(2+) in 16HBE14o- cells. In the presence of tg, 15% of intact A7r5 cells responded to 10 microm arginine-vasopressin with a small rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration after a long latency. In conclusion, A7r5 and 16HBE14o- cells express a Pmr1-containing Ca(2+) store with properties that differ substantially from the SERCA-containing Ca(2+) store.