Résumé : The vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) VPAC1 receptor is preferentially coupled to Galphas protein that stimulates adenylate cyclase activity and also to Galphaq and Galphai proteins that stimulate the inositol phosphate/calcium pathway. Previous studies indicated the importance of the third intracellular loop of the receptor for G protein coupling. By site-directed mutation of the human recombinant receptor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, we identified two domains in this loop that contain clusters of basic residues conserved in most of the G-protein-coupled seven transmembrane domains receptors. We found that mutations in the proximal domain (K322) reduced the capability of VIP to increase adenylate cyclase activity without any change in the calcium response, whereas mutations in the distal part of the loop (R338, L339, R341) markedly reduced the calcium increase and Galphai coupling but only weakly the adenylate cyclase activity. Thus, the interaction of different G proteins with the VPAC1 receptor involves different receptor sub-domains.