Résumé : Chronic intoxication by 3-nitropropionic acid in the Lewis rat reproduces many features reminiscent of Huntington's disease including behavioural alterations and cortico-striatal degeneration. In particular, in this model, striatal degeneration is accompanied by calpain activation as found in the human disease. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the expression of Alix (apoptosis linked gene-2 interacting protein), a widespread protein involved in neuronal death, would be modified in the striatum and cortex of 3NP-treated rats. The results clearly show that Alix immunoreactivity is increased in the neuronal cell bodies of the lateral striatum, where degeneration is massive. The medial striatum and the cortex that lack neurodegeneration remain only weakly labelled. This is further evidence suggesting an involvement of Alix in the events driving neuronal death.