Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Selenium deficiency is associated with impaired bone metabolism and osteopenia in rats. However, it is not known how combined selenium and iodine deficiency affects bone metabolism. Therefore, we investigated the effect of selenium and iodine deficiency on bone metabolism in 2nd-generation selenium- and iodine-deficient rats. Selenium-deficient (Se-), iodine-deficient (I-), selenium- and iodine-deficient (Se-/I-), and control rats (Se+/I+), were pair-fed their respective diets until they were 74 d old. Each pair-fed rat was fed a selenium-adequate diet in the same amount as that consumed the day before by its selenium-deficient counterpart, taking food spillage into account. The skeletal phenotype was analyzed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, histomorphometry, and bone metabolism markers. Erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase activity (Gpx) and plasma thyroid hormones were measured to assess selenium and iodine status, respectively. In both Se-/I+ and Se-/I- rats, Gpx was reduced by 99% compared with pair-fed Se+/I+ and Se+/I- rats (P < 0.001). Iodine deficiency reduced plasma thyroxine by 64% in the 2 iodine-deficient groups (P < 0.001). Body weight, tail length, plasma insulin-like growth factor, pituitary growth hormone concentration, and femur and tibia bone mineral density were significantly greater in the Se-/I- rats than in the Se-/I+ rats. This study shows that iodine deficiency mitigated growth retardation and osteopenia in 2nd-generation selenium-deficient rats and suggests that adequate selenium status should be ensured before measures are taken to correct iodine deficiency.