Résumé : A polyepitopic CD8(+)-T-cell response is thought to be critical for control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Using transgenic mice, we analyzed the immunogenicity and dominance of most known HLA-A2.1 epitopes presented during infection by using vaccines that carry the potential to enter clinical trials: peptides, DNA, and recombinant adenoviruses. The vaccines capacity to induce specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and interferon gamma-producing cells revealed that immunogenic epitopes are clustered in specific antigens. For two key antigens, flanking regions were shown to greatly enhance the scope of epitope recognition, whereas a DNA-adenovirus prime-boost vaccination strategy augmented epitope immunogenicity, even that of subdominant ones. The present study reveals a clustered organization of HCV immunogenic HLA.A2.1 epitopes and strategies to modulate their dominance.