par Stordeur, Patrick ;Zhou, Ling ;Goldman, Michel
Référence Journal of immunological methods, 261, 1-2, page (195-197)
Publication Publié, 2002-03
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The quantification of the cytokine mRNAs synthesised by peripheral blood cells should make it possible to estimate a "peripheral immune statute". However, an accurate quantification can only be performed from a fresh whole blood sample in which mRNA is protected against nuclease digestion, and where gene transcription is inhibited. As discussed in this note, this has been made possible by the use of surfactant reagents such as tetradecyltrimethylammonium oxalate. We performed RT-PCR for the quantification of IL-10 and IFN-gamma mRNAs spontaneously produced in peripheral blood. The results showed pronounced higher IFN-gamma transcript levels in whole blood compared to peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the same individuals, while no significant difference was observed for IL-10 mRNA. The higher amounts of IFN-gamma mRNA observed in blood can be attributed at least to mRNA degradation. Using a real time PCR technique, we indeed demonstrated that blood IFN-gamma mRNA is rapidly degraded in vitro, the t 1/2 being worth approximately one hour at room temperature.