Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Predictions of the unsaturated shear strength with generalized effective stress-based approaches disregard the non-uniform microstructure of remolded fine-grained soils. The study aims at investigating the adequacy of microstructurally-based effective stress to predict the unsaturated shear strength of remolded fine-grained soils over a wide range of suctions. For that purpose, shear strength data are acquired on a silty clay soil compacted at two different dry densities through suction-controlled triaxial tests and unconsolidated triaxial tests at constant water content. The microstructure of the soil at the as-compacted state is determined with Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry and is directly incorporated in different expressions of microstructurally-based effective stress available in the literature. The experimental data suggest that compared to the generalized effective stress, microstructurally-based effective stress expressions provide better predictions of the unsaturated shear strength, especially at high suctions. Also, the use of microstructurally-based effective stress is particularly relevant for remolded fine-grained soils compacted at high dry densities, i.e. with a low proportion of macropores.