Résumé : Objectives: Myelofibrosis is a rare bone marrow disorder associated with a high symptom burden, poor prognosis, and shortened survival. While allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative treatment for myelofibrosis, the only approved and reimbursed pharmacotherapy for non-HSCT candidates in Belgium is ruxolitinib. Methods: These updated recommendations are based on a consensus reached during two meetings and provide guidance for ruxolitinib administration in myelofibrosis patients considering the particularities of Belgian reimbursement criteria. Results and Discussion: In Belgium, ruxolitinib is indicated and reimbursed for transplant-ineligible myelofibrosis patients from intermediate-2- and high-risk groups and from the intermediate-1-risk group with splenomegaly. Our recommendation is to also make ruxolitinib available in the pre-transplant setting for myelofibrosis patients with splenomegaly or heavy symptom burden. Before ruxolitinib initiation, complete blood cell counts are recommended, and the decision on the optimal dosage should be based on platelet count and clinical parameters. In anemic patients, we recommend starting doses of ruxolitinib of 10 mg twice daily for 12 weeks and we propose the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in patients with endogenous erythropoietin levels ≤500 mU/mL. Increased vigilance for opportunistic infections and second primary malignancies is needed in ruxolitinib-treated myelofibrosis patients. Ruxolitinib treatment should be continued as long as there is clinical benefit (reduced splenomegaly or symptoms), and we recommend progressive dose tapering when stopping ruxolitinib. Conclusion: Based on new data and clinical experience, the panel of experts discussed ruxolitinib treatment in Belgian myelofibrosis patients with a focus on dose optimization/monitoring, adverse events, and interruption/rechallenge management.